More waste and more recycling
The volume of waste has increased over the last few decades. The volume of hazardous waste has more than doubled during the same period.
In 1995, 62 per cent of the waste in Norway was recycled in one way or another. Now almost 90 per cent of waste is treated or recycled in some way.
Waste has become a resource, and we are now starting to make much more use of it through various processes:
Materials recycling – All or part of the material is retained and reused for something else.
Incineration – Hygienic treatment and reduction of volume by 90%, with the waste energy being used for heating and electricity.
Biological treatment – Composting and rotting down, which recirculates and uses nutrients for e.g. food production.
Twice as much hazardous waste
The volume of waste which is considered to be hazardous has more than doubled during the same period. This is largely due to a greater awareness of environmental toxins, and new knowledge about the impact of the various substances on the environment. The list of hazardous substances has grown longer.
In 2014, 1.4 million tonnes of hazardous waste were delivered. Much of the organic hazardous waste is incinerated, while NOAH mainly handles the inorganic hazardous waste at its facility on Langøya.
The authorities have a target to reduce the generation of the various types of hazardous waste by 2020, back to the 2005 level.
Around 97 per cent of the hazardous waste in Norway was delivered to an approved facility.